Clark School Home UMD

ISR News Story

Minimally Invasive Neurosurgical Intracranial Robot (ISR IP)

ISR intellectual property available to license

Inventors: Jaydev Desai, Marc Simard, Satyandra Gupta, Rao Gullapalli, Nicholas Pappafotis, Wojciech Bejgerowski

Description
Brain tumors, which occur in 20-40% of adult cancer patients, are among the most feared complications of the disease. Despite numerous advances in treatment, the prognosis for these patients is poor, with a median survival of 4-8 months. The primary reasons for the poor survival rate are the lack of good continuous imaging modality for intraoperative intracranial procedures and the inability to remove the complete tumor tissue due to its placement in the brain and the corresponding space constraints to reach it. Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) supplements the surgeon’s visual and tactical senses in a way that no other imaging device has achieved, resulting in less trauma to surrounding healthy brain tissue during surgery. To minimize the trauma to surrounding healthy brain tissue, it would be beneficial to operate through a narrow surgical corridor dissected by a neurosurgeon.

Researchers at the University of Maryland, in conjunction with researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, have invented a robot that would allow a neurosurgeon to resect brain tumors and other intracranial masses in human patients in a minimally invasive manner while the patient is actively undergoing brain imaging. This invention comprises a highly dexterous robot capable of removing intracranial tumors and masses while operating through an extremely narrow corridor in the brain, thus producing minimal disturbance or damage to normal brain tissues. Unique features include:
• Sufficiently small size to allow resective neurosurgery to proceed while the patient’s brain is imaged
• Fabrication of materials that are entirely compatible with the imaging modality
• A virtual interface between imaging modality and robot that precludes the neurosurgeon from having to directly visualize the tumor or mass during resection, allowing the direct control of the neurosurgeon guided by imaging modality
• Ability to manipulate instruments required to destroy tissues, including but not limited to monopolar and bipolar electrocautery, laser, radio-frequency ablator and ultrasonic cavitator
• Ability to manipulate instruments required to remove tissue debris, including irrigation and suction

For more information
If you would like to license this intellectual property, have questions, would like to contact the inventors, or need more information, contact ISR External Relations Director Jeff Coriale at coriale@umd.edu or 301.405.6604.

Find more ISR IP
You can go to our main IP search page to search by research category or faculty name. Or view the entire list of available IP on our complete IP listing page.

ISR-IP-Gupta ISR-IP-nano ISR-IP-microrobotics ISR-IP-medicine

Related Articles:
A Magnetic System to Push Magnetic Carriers (ISR IP)
An Atomic Layer Deposition Approach to Controlling the Shape Profiles of Nanostructures Deposited Inside Nanoporous Materials (ISR IP)
Methods and Systems for Confining Drugs to a Region of the Body (ISR IP)
Integrated CMOS Capacitance Sensors for On-Chip Tracking of Cell Proliferation (ISR IP)
A Flexible, High Specific Energy Density, Rechargeable Battery (ISR IP)
Micro Fluidic Device that Allows 3 Dimensional Control of Nano and Micro Particles by Electroosmotic Flow (EOF) Actuation (ISR IP)
Positioning Quantum Dots in Devices by Electroosmotic Feedback Control (ISR IP)
Lateral Two-Terminal Nanotube Devices and Method for their Formation (ISR IP)
Dynamic Manipulation of Magnetic Fields to Focus Particles/Drugs to Deep Tissue Targets (ISR IP)
Periodic Structures on Metal Films for Plasmon Assisted Selective Fluorescence Excitation (ISR IP)

June 23, 2007


Prev   Next

 

 

For more information, contact ISR External Relations Director
Jeff Coriale at coriale@umd.edu or 301.405.6604.

Current Headlines

Ulukus to exploit wireless network interference in new NSF grant

Gabriel Named "Professeur Invité Trottier"

Maryland Industrial Partnerships Program Approves 18 Technology Development Projects

Alum Haoyu Wang joins Shanghai Tech University

UMD Clark School to Host Mpact Week: Disaster Resilience

Piya Pal Receives Wilts Prize from Caltech

Barg receives NSF grant to develop better methods of storing large amounts of data

Mpact Week to feature robotics for disaster response

Waks, Shapiro receive NSF EAGER grant to test spintronic devices

Ulukus is PI for NSF grant on energy harvesting wireless communication devices

News Resources

Return to Newsroom

Search News

Archived News

Events Resources

Events Calendar