M. Rotkowitz and S. Lall
Affine Controller Parameterization for Decentralized Control over Banach Spaces
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 1497-1500, September 2006.


We cast the problem of optimal decentralized control as one of minimizing a closed-loop norm subject to a subspace constraint on the controller. In this note we consider continuous linear operators on Banach spaces, and show that a simple property called quadratic invariance is necessary and sufficient for the constraint set to be preserved under feedback, and thus allows optimal synthesis to be recast as a convex optimization problem. These results hold for any norm and any Banach space.