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ISR Systems Seminar: Yan Xiao, "Coordination Challenges in Hospital Care"
Thursday, March 6, 2008
2:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m.
1146 AV Williams Building
For More Information:
Regina King
301 405 6615

ISR Systems Seminar
Focus on Medicine Series
Coordination Challenges in Hospital Care

Dr. Yan Xiao
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
Director, Research in Patient Safety, Program in Trauma
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Adjunct Associate Professor of Information Systems
University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC)

Healthcare represents nearly one sixth of the nationís economy. In addition to cost, healthcare faces equally enormous pressure to improve safety and quality. In recent reports nearly 100,000 people die in US annually as a results of medical errors, and US ranked the last among 19 industrial countries. Hospital care is the central hub of healthcare systems. Some of the challenges facing workers in hospitals may be summarized as those in coordination of knowledge, activities, and intentions. Detailed field studies have demonstrated that a number of artifacts, most physical, are used to articulate activities at different sites by different people across different times. These findings suggest both the variety of information needs for coordination, while at the same time the opportunities to support coordination. In this presentation, examples of challenges will be illustrated by field studies and opportunities through a paradigm of modeling, simulation, real-time data acquisition, and visualization. Field study results and prototypes will be used to highlight the potential to support coordination in hospital care.

Yan Xiao has a PhD in Industrial Engineering (Human Factors) from University of Toronto (1994). He received a MASc in Systems Engineering from Beijing Institute of Technology (1985) and a BASC in Mechanical Engineering from Lanzhou Jiaotong University (1982). He is associate professor (with tenure) at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, and is appointed as Adjunct Associate Professor of Information Systems at UMBC. Previously he was a special member of the faculty in R.H. Smith School of Business of University of Maryland, College Park.

Dr. Xiao directs research in patient safety as part of Program in Trauma. His research interests include team performance, video-based performance measures and education, coordination studies, asynchronous communication and computer supported cooperative work. He is also Associate Director for Research, Center for Advancement in Patient Safety at University of Maryland, as part of University of Maryland Medical Center.

Dr. Xiao is principal investigator of three consortium projects funded by National Science Foundation on coordination in mission-critical settings. He consulted for Nortel Networks, GE Medical Systems, and Aethon. His previous research was sponsored by Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NASA, and Army Research Institute, and National Patient Safety Foundation. He published nearly 50 journal articles and over 100 conference proceeding articles. His recent publications are in Critical Care Medicine, Anesthesia & Analgesia, Journal of America Medical Informatics Association, Annals of Emergency Medicine, Journal of Trauma, Management Science and Administrative Science Quarterly.

Dr. Xiao is associate editor for Human Factors and IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, & Cybernetics, Part A. He also reviews for Journal of Biomedical Informatics, Critical Care Medcine, Safety Science, Ergonomics, and Anesthesia & Analgesia. He has been on review panels for the federal agencies such as National Science Foundation, NASA, and Department of Defense.

This Event is For: Clark School • Graduate • Undergraduate • Faculty • Staff • Post-Docs • Alumni

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